Boosting public sector performance
UNDP helped introduce and institutionalize Results-based Management, a results-based performance monitoring culture, to the public sector for the first time in 2010 by linking budgetary processes to key performance indicators for all 34 ministries with a development focus, a process which was internalized in the 2011 budget. This has made public performance more accountable, and has also contributed towards enhancing aid effectiveness. UNDP facilitated the Sri Lankan Government to share its experience in Results-based Management with counterparts looking to adopt a similar system in the Maldives, Uganda, India and Afghanistan.
Financial support has been provided to upgrade the data collection facilities at the Department of Census and Statistics, and the conduct of the 2010 Census has been supported through the provision of institutional support to the Department. In addition, UNDP is also building the national and sub-national capacities for planning and budgeting through providing financial support.
The second National Human Development Report was launched in 2012, after a gap of almost 15 years when the 1st Report was published in 1998. Titled, ‘Bridging Regional Disparities for Human Development,’ the 2012 Report examines the social and economic disparities across Sri Lanka’s geographic regions. It also highlights development differences amongst provinces and districts to the extent that data are available, focusing in particular on spatial disparities. It assesses the health, education, employment and governance sectors, and puts forth a set of policy recommendations to help overcome gaps, enabling Sri Lanka’s people to contribute to and participate in its overall socio-economic progress. The Report will be used as an advocacy tool for appropriating national funds to the lagging regions on a needs-based criterion.
Institutional strengthening and systems development
UNDP will work to strengthen the capacity of the Government for better evidence-based policy making for economic growth, while reducing the disparities that prevail in the country. The programme will support communities to increase production and value-addition capacities, access productive infrastructure, new technologies and knowledge (including, through South-South cooperation), new markets and financial services. While enhancing employability, these services would also help improve the regulatory and policy environment for enterprise development.
Improving livelihood generation
In the area of agriculture production, UNDP interventions contributed to value addition in agricultural produce and improved livelihood generation such as increasing profitability through new techniques of cinnamon peeling, introduction of new hybrid seed varieties, processing of excess produce and introduction of machinery for communities in the Uva Province, where poverty rates are relatively higher. Specifically, micro-finance facilities were provided to 1,000 families in the first round, with 50% of the beneficiaries being women. The beneficiary families were connected with government extension services to ensure linkage to markets and other facilities. Building on their successes, these interventions have been up-scaled by other projects such as the International Fund for Agricultural Development livelihood projects in several districts.
In addition, with the formerly conflict-affected communities, who are now gradually moving from relief to resettlement and recovery, UNDP will addresses challenges in consolidating income-generating activities, generating local economic development, building links to markets and ensuring the equity of support in order to address concerns of poverty.