Strengthening the Resilience of Post-conflict Recovery and Development to Climate Change Risks in Sri Lanka
What is the Project about?
The project's key objective is increase the resilience of communities to climate change-induced hazards through integration of climate-smart policies and actions into development planning and budgeting, including in the reconstruction and rehabilitation programmes in the Northern Province and Eastern Province.
Sri Lanka’s 30-year long armed conflict has had significant impacts on the population including in the Northern Province and Eastern Province. Most aspects of life have suffered: People have been displaced, institutions disintegrated, and essential communal and public infrastructure damaged. People could no longer access markets as they once had and the transport of goods virtually came to a halt. Once-industrious communities that had produced lush harvests of rice, vegetables, fruits, and other crash crops became impoverished.
After the fighting ended in June 2009, the Government of Sri Lanka has made a concerted effort to recover from the long years of conflict and restore essential services in all parts of the country. The country has now entered into an unprecedented period of political stability, economic growth and development. A major reconstruction phase is now underway, particularly in the North and East of the country, with Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) requiring resettlement, housing, infrastructure and basic services. At the same time, the coastal zones in the areas in which most of the population live are low lying and exposed to tropical cyclones, storm surges and the effects of sea level rise (such as salinization of groundwater and agricultural lands). The entire North of Sri Lanka is in a dry zone, and its Eastern province is subject to periodic flooding and drought.