Promoting Sustainable Biomass Energy Production and Modern Bio-Energy Technologies

What is the project about

Biomass is biological material derived from living, or recently living organisms. It is organic material which has stored sunlight in the form of chemical energy. Biomass comes in different forms. The most common forms in Sri Lanka are, fuel wood, municipal waste, industrial waste and agricultural waste. Biomass is a renewable energy source because the energy it contains comes from the sun. When these organic products are burned, they turn back into energy.

Utilization of biomass for electricity generation is gaining a new momentum in Sri Lanka. The concept of biomass based electricity generation – commonly referred to as Dendro – holds much promise to Sri Lanka. Biomass is the most common source of energy supply in the country, with the majority usage coming from the domestic sector for cooking purposes. Due to the abundant availability, only a limited portion of the total biomass usage is channelled through a market and hence the value of the energy sourced by biomass is not properly accounted.

In 2011, UNDP Sri Lanka received funds from Global Environmental Facility (GEF) to  prepare the project document on “promoting sustainability Biomass Energy Production and Modern Bio-Energy Technologies in Sri Lanka”. 

The primary goal of the project is to reduce greenhouse gas emmisions from the use of fossil fuel for thermal energy generation in the Sri Lankan industrial sector. The goal will be reached by means of removing obstacles to the realization of sustainable biomass plantation, increase of market share of biomass energy generation and adoption of biomass- based energy technologies in Sri Lanka.

The project consists of following components,

•  Policy-Institutional support for effective fuel-switching using fuel wood

•  Barrier removal for sustainable fuel wood production

•  Enabling environment for fuel wood suppliers

•  Wood-based energy technology development

What have we accomplished so far

The project document is pending approval from the External Resources Department.

Not applicable. Project starting this year.

Who finances it?

Donor name       
Amount contributed USD
GEF (FAO) 950,000
GEF (UNDP) 1,046,250
Government 9,759,320
Private  6,181,092
NGOs 85,000
FAO 461,755
Cost Sharing 402,000
AusAID 264,543

Delivery in previous fiscal year/s

Not applicable. Project starting this year.

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